There are 3 types of exfoliants, and estheticians love them all!
In this blog we will mainly focus on chemical peels, but the three types of exfoliants estheticians use most are as follows.
1. Physical Exfoliants
Physical exfoliation involves any product or device that manually removes dead skin cells while rubbing, scrubbing, scraping etc. This can be achieved many different ways. Scrubs are easy and convenient, Gua Sha is another simple tool. Microdermabrasion, ultra-sonic skin spatula and sonic cleansing devices all get the job done!
2. Enzymatic Exfoliants
Enzymes are a natural exfoliant typically derived from fruits (papain from pineapple & bromelain derived from papaya). They typically don’t contain acids. Enzymes dissolve and digest keratin proteins which act like glue and hold old skin cells to the surface. Enzymes increase healthy cell turnover and are an excellent choice for sensitive, inflamed skin.
3. Chemical Peels
Chemical Peels are loved by estheticians. There are many chemical peels to choose from and we are devoted to them all! Chemical peels containing Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs), are very popular. AHAs are water soluble and typically come from sugary fruits. Common AHA’s include Glycolic Acid (derived from sugar cane) Lactic Acid (found in milk and pickled vegetables) Citric Acid (found in citrus fruits) Malic Acid (found in grapes) and Mandelic Acid (derived from bitter almonds). Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs) are oil soluble. They travel deep into the hair follicle and unplug and reduce excess oil. The most common BHA is Salicylic Acid.
Let’s discuss some common chemical peels in more depth. As Estheticians we love chemical peels because they can improve the look of fine lines and wrinkles, smooth scarring, help with discoloration and hyper-pigmentation, help with congestion and breakouts, brighten the overall skin tone and boost collagen production. Let’s dive a little deeper into the various acids that are commonly used in many chemical peels.
Acids used in chemical peels & their benefits
Glycolic Acid: smallest α-hydroxy acid. This colorless, odorless, and hygroscopic crystalline solid is highly soluble in water. Glycolic acid is found in some sugar-crops. Because of its small molecular size, Glycolic Acid readily penetrates into the skin working to break the bonds between the outer layer of skin cells removing the lipids that hold dead skin cells together.
Glycolic acid helps stimulate the production of collagen, smooth fine lines and wrinkles and reduce pore size.
The Molar Mass is 76.05 g/mol
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH₃CHCOOH. In its solid state, it is white and water-soluble. In its liquid state, it is colorless. It is produced both naturally and synthetically.
Lactic acid belongs to the AHA category and helps improve the skin’s natural moisture factor. It is particularly good for hyper-pigmentation and is great for sensitive skin.
The skin doesn’t normally peel with a lactic acid application and is excellent for brightening dull skin tone. The Molar Mass is 90.08 g/mol
Malic acid is a naturally occurring substance found in many fruits and vegetables, and is largely responsible for the sour taste found in apples and pears. Malic Acid belongs to the AHA category and is generally very gentle.
It exfoliates dead cells on the outermost layer of the skin and promotes cell turnover, it is also excellent for brightening skin tone and is a great choice for sensitive skin.
The Molar Mass is 134.0874 g/mol
Salicylic acid is the only beta-hydroxy acid used in skin care. It accomplishes the same goals in skin care as alpha-hydroxy acids such as lactic acid and glycolic acid, but it is used in a much weaker concentration. Acne care products may contain as much as 30% alpha-hydroxy acids, but the same action is achieved by 0.5% to 2% salicylic acid.
Salicylic acid peels are an excellent choice for treating oily and acne skin.
Salicylic acid is a strong comedolytic, helping to unclog pores and decrease the amount of oil in the skin. The Molar Mass is 138.121 g/mol
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many plants, most notably in grapes. It is another alpha hydroxy acid.
Tartaric acid is mainly used for skin lightening and is excellent for treating melasma.
The Molar Mass is 150.087 g/mol
Mandelic acid, another alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) named after the German mandel (almond) and derived from the hydrolysis of an extract of bitter almonds.
Mandelic acid is used in treating common skin problems such as photo-aging, irregular pigmentation, and acne.
It is perfect for treating all skin types and is especially great for sensitive skin and darker Fitzpatrick’s. Since its molecules are larger than those found in glycolic acid and other alpha hydroxy acids, mandelic acid takes longer to penetrate the skin’s surface. This makes it less likely to cause irritation. The Molar Mass is152.1473 g/mol
Multi-fruit acids, these botanical extracts deliver five natural AHAs to the skin: Lactic Acid (from Bilberry), Glycolic Acid (from Sugar Cane), Citric Acid (from Orange and Lemon), and Malic and Tartaric Acids (from Sugar Maple).
These AHAs are commonly used to treat skin conditions such as rough skin, surface wrinkles and fine lines. Recognized for having exfoliating properties, AHAs leave the skin with a smooth and radiant appearance.
Citric acid is also an alpha hydroxy acid and used to promote skin peeling and collagen production.
Citric acid has protective antioxidant, and corrective anti-aging effects to help reverse visible signs of photodamage.
Citric Acid works by exfoliating the upper layer of dead skin cells to help clean pores, even skin tone and soften and smooth the skin. Citric acid is naturally found in citric fruits. Molar Mass: 192.124 g/mol
M.A.D Skincare chemical peels are designed to be stacked for multiple benefits
Now we’ll highlight one of our favorite brands – Mad Skincare. But first check out one of their before and after success stories below!
M.A.D Skincare specializes in developing chemical peels that can be stacked so an esthetician can treat multiple skin concerns in one treatment. If this sounds exciting, and you like to be very creative in your treatment room, then M.A.D Skincare could be the perfect brand for you!
M.A.D Skincare offers twelve professional only chemical peels. Six are water-based gel peels that are gentler and rarely cause flaking, and six are ethanol based Medi peels and behave stronger and generally cause peeling.
I suggest that you start out with the gel-based peels and experiment layering or stacking 2 or 3 of them.
Why would an Esthetician want to stack chemical peels?
Well let’s say you have a client that is experiencing hyper-pigmentation, aging concerns and has sensitivity issues. With M.A.D Skincare you can treat all three concerns in one treatment. In this scenario, you could stack the following chemical peels from M.A.D Skincare, applying one layer of each:
- One layer of 30% Glycolic Peel to address fine lines and wrinkles, sun damage and pore size
- One layer of Radiant Brightening Peel to address hyper-pigmentation and uneven skin tone, and
- One layer of Delicate Skin Resurfacing Peel to address dryness, irritation and inflamed skin.
M.A.D Skincare uses the following acids in varying strengths in their professional skincare peels: Glycolic, Lactic, Salicylic, Mandelic, Multi-fruit, Resorcinol & Azelaic, these acids are often combined with additional ingredients to calm, offer anti-inflammatory benefits and anti-oxidant benefits. Examples of these ingredients are, Vitamin C, Trinity Tea Complex, Licorice & Bearberry extracts, aloe, chamomile, curcumin and many more.
If M.A.D Skincare Peels sound interesting and THEY ARE find all M.A.D Skincare here: https://californiaskincaresupply.com/m-a-d-skincare/
Where’s the Best Place to Shop for Chemical Peels at Wholesale?
Right here. Where else?
Of course, we’d say that, but there’s a benefit to shopping right here. California Skincare Supply distributes over 40 + professional skincare lines available to licensed Estheticians at wholesale, and we have dozens of chemical peels to choose from – all in one place so you don’t waste time going from one site to another. Wouldn’t you rather be peeling? Beauty awaits! Let’s get to i!
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- 1 There are 3 types of exfoliants, and estheticians love them all!
- 2 1. Physical Exfoliants
- 3 2. Enzymatic Exfoliants
- 4 3. Chemical Peels
- 5 Acids used in chemical peels & their benefits
- 6 Glycolic acid
- 7 Glycolic acid helps stimulate the production of collagen, smooth fine lines and wrinkles and reduce pore size.
- 8 Lactic acid
- 9 Lactic acid belongs to the AHA category and helps improve the skin’s natural moisture factor. It is particularly good for hyper-pigmentation and is great for sensitive skin.
- 10 Malic acid
- 11 It exfoliates dead cells on the outermost layer of the skin and promotes cell turnover, it is also excellent for brightening skin tone and is a great choice for sensitive skin.
- 12 Salicylic acid
- 13 Salicylic acid peels are an excellent choice for treating oily and acne skin.
- 14 Tartaric acid
- 15 Tartaric acid is mainly used for skin lightening and is excellent for treating melasma.
- 16 Mandelic acid
- 17 Mandelic acid is used in treating common skin problems such as photo-aging, irregular pigmentation, and acne.
- 18 Multi-fruit acids
- 19 These AHAs are commonly used to treat skin conditions such as rough skin, surface wrinkles and fine lines. Recognized for having exfoliating properties, AHAs leave the skin with a smooth and radiant appearance.
- 20 Citric acid
- 21 Citric acid has protective antioxidant, and corrective anti-aging effects to help reverse visible signs of photodamage.
- 22 M.A.D Skincare chemical peels are designed to be stacked for multiple benefits
- 23 Why would an Esthetician want to stack chemical peels?
- 24 Where’s the Best Place to Shop for Chemical Peels at Wholesale?